RamadanIf you plan to visit a Muslim country here are a few tips and explanations about Ramadan for travel photographers. Ramadan is a holy month for Muslims around the world. It is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and the month in which the Quran was revealed. Being the Islamic calendar a lunar calendar, months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 10 to 11 days shorter than the solar year and contains no intercalation, Ramadan varies every year.

In 2018, Ramadan will start on May 15 and end on June 14.

During this period, observant Muslims tend to abstain from food (sawm), drinking or smoking from dawn to dusk and also restrain from all activities or behaviours that are not compatible with Islamic values.

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How to photograph marketsWhether you are visiting a vibrant European city or exploring an exotic Asian village, markets must be definitively on your travel bucket list. In the same place, you can find a wide variety of colorful goods, animated stallholders, interesting people and an exciting environment to discover and enjoy with your camera.

Markets can be covered or outdoor. In case of shooting images in an outdoor market, you have to face up with the great contrast existing between the parts of the scene lit directly by the sun and the people or goods in the shadows. Use of flash can compensate both such a contrast and lightening shadows on people’s faces, but the result you get is easily flat to tell the truth. The best option is to visit the outdoor market in early morning when sun light is still soft or wait, instead, for a cloudy day.

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Urban photographyUrban photography is full of fantastic subjects for your camera: monuments, squares, markets, superb views, ancient or modern buildings, people. The urban environment offers a wide variety of subjects in a restricted area, more than any other existing photographic category. From a terrific night skyline to the day frenetic street activity, from close-up architectural details to busy markets, every city, big or small, provides plenty of  exciting photographic opportunities. Cities or towns in every part of the world, anyway, may reveal also quite a few technical and organizational “problems” for the travel photographer. Here are a few tips for getting the best from urban photography.

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Photographing lakesPhotographing lakes is a favorite subject for every landscape photographer. Think about one of those north american lakes surrounded by wild forests and snow capped mountains or some European lakes where picturesque and tiny villages reflect into. Probably, the mountain lake reflection is the image most landscape photographers aim to. For a successful photo with a mirror-like reflection, lake water must be perfectly still.

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Framing imagesFraming images is one of the fundamental rules of composition in landscape photography along with the rule of thirds and the diagonal lines. This “rule” can be helpful for the fledgling photographers. What framing images means?
In photography a frame is an object placed within your image that frames the main subject of your photo like a picture frame. This technique aims not only to highlight the main subject of your photograph but also to add some creativity touch to the composition of your photograph. Usually, this frame could be a doorway, a rock (like in my photo on the left), an arch, a window or a tree, for example. By using a frame in your photo you get a few results. First of all, frame adds depth of field to your photograph, especially in your landscape photos. The viewer gets the feeling he’s looking at something that is almost 3D. By framing the image correctly you force the same viewer to see at the center of your photo.

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